1 thought on “Introduction to Matcha”

  1. Although matcha is delicious, unless the ashes -level matcha control, many people just stay in eating, but they know little about matcha. The following is a brief introduction to Matcha I shared. Let's take a look.
    The introduction of matcha 1 basic information
    Matha is grinded into a differential, covered, steamed tea with natural micro -split stone grinding. (See the matcha standard; Q/TFPS 2007)
    (: 10-30 days before the picking of green tea to cover shading
    It is all processing with stone mills. Until now, Japan still uses natural stone mills, and hundreds of thousands of electric natural stone mill factories are very spectacular. In recent years, matcha has been used for processing industries. In order to reduce processing costs, there are also use of ball mills to process. In China, there are also airflow crusher to process. Because the stone mill with grinding matcha has been registered by Uji Matcha Co., Ltd. in China, it has attracted a drool war. Many tea powder processors have questioned: Does matcha have to be grinded with stone mills.
    2 Matcha History
    since the Ming Dynasty, brewing tea has been popular since the Ming Dynasty. The Chinese matcha tea ceremony has been lost. The history of history has become an eternal pain in the hearts of Chinese tea people. Instead, at the end of the ninth century, Matcha, which entered Japan, entered Japan, was carried forward in Japan. The Japanese integrate tea with religious philosophy, social ethics, and moral cultivation. The most in Japan.
    The early 21st century, Chinese scholars brought matcha to the motherland and established China's first matcha plant in Pudong New District, Shanghai, and Shanghai Uji Matcha Co., Ltd. It has been developed and invented a number of matcha equipment and has obtained a patent, which has since ushered in the second spring of Chinese matcha. Guide Chinese matcha to the world.
    3 matcha culture
    As early as the Tang Dynasty, people invented the steamed green loose tea (tea), and also reviewed the method of evaluating the fragrance of tea, and became an indispensable daily drink for people. In the Song Dynasty, it was more developed into a tea banquet. At that time, the most famous tea expert and a large literary man Cai Xiang commented on the method of fighting tea in "Tea Record": to hit the group tea into small pieces, then crush it into fines, sieve out the tea, and the tea. At the end of the two money, put it in the hot tea cup, inject boiling water, and make the soup flowers taste, fragrant, and taste. Ru Dunhe in the Qing Dynasty said that the ancient tea must be a little bit. Its tea (matcha) for tea (matcha) must choose one or two fruit snacks, which is called tea. The way of Matcha's drinking here is the Chinese tea ceremony during the Tang and Song dynasties. It can be seen that the Chinese tea ceremony (matcha) has a history of more than a thousand years, hundreds of years earlier than today's oolong tea ceremony. But unfortunately, since the Ming Dynasty, it is no longer popular in matcha, but use tea, brew and drink soup, and abandon tea residue. The Chinese matcha ceremony was lost, forming a historical interrogation. At present, the prestigious Japanese tea ceremony and matcha tea in the world are through the Tang envoys of that year] Rongxi brought back to Japan in [Chinese Chinese studies, and matcha can be reserved, inherited and carried forward in Japan. Japan's matcha and Japanese tea ceremony have now become the national essence of Japan, attracting the ritual of the guests, and known as the best in Japan.
    4 matcha production
    4.1 1. The cultivation of matcha
    matcha n Matcha (Matcha) is a small tea piece that has not been twisted. , It has two keywords: coverage and steaming green. Spring tea must be set up in 20 days before picking, covering the reed curtain and straw curtain, the shielding rate is more than 98%, and it is also easy to cover. The black plastic gauze net can only reach 70-85%. Experiments have proved that the effect of tea shading with different materials and colors is different.
    The study of Japanese scholar Takeui Yaozi shows: "Covering shades changes environmental factors such as light, light, and temperature, which affects the formation of tea aroma. In addition to the high content of low -grade fatty compounds, the content of other aroma components is significantly lower than shading tea. " The covered green tea chlorophyll and amino acids have increased significantly. Horoticine is 1.5 times that of the open -air cultivation, the total amino acids are 1.4 times that of natural light cultivation, and the chlorophyll is 1.6 times that of natural light.
    4.2 2. Machining of matcha
    -Steam killing
    The fresh tea picked on the same day to kill and dry, using the steam killing method. The research of Japanese scholars Nakinjin and Uenamiko showed that in the process of steaming, the smooth-3-in-tea-3-alcohol, Shun-3-hexyl ethyl, and alcoholic alcohol increased A large number of A-Zirolone, B-Zirolone and other perilla ketone compounds. The first quality of these aroma components is Harol-like, which constitutes a special aroma and taste of matcha (Matcha). Therefore, the tea covered with green tea and steaming green is not only special in aroma, the color is green, and the taste is more delicious.
    Tet 3 Light affects the chemical components of tea tree leaves (UG%G)
    Themark conditions of lobolin all -nitrogen lyricine soutine
    Natural light 0.28 4. 47 73 1756 3.01
    The shade 0.444 4. 90 136 4045 1.88
    "Tea Biochemistry" The third edition of Wan Xiaochun editor of China Agricultural Publishing House
    4.3 3. Matcha's grinding
    - Tea is super fine.
    Matcha, its original intention is the tea grinding with stone. The stone grinding of tea is called tea mill. Huang Tingjian, the poet of the Northern Song Dynasty, described the tea mill:
    Extremely pedantic,
    The wise guy can create. "
    The tea grinding is completely different from the stone grinding of the grinding soy milk flour we usually see, and the production is extremely complicated. Modern Chinese tea mill has been on the verge of trace. It is said that in Japan, there are also a lot of craftsmen who can make tea grinders. The stone mill is running slowly. A tea mill work for an hour. The Matcha produced only 40 grams, which is less than one. Matcha is "irregular tear -like slice" under a microscope, with a particle size of 2 to 20 microns (680 ~ 6800 mesh), which is almost the height of almost all mechanical crushing.
    and the peculiar temperature of the tea super fine powder machine is the last fragrance process of matcha. The matcha tea that passes through the tea super fine powder machine has the aroma of seaweed and loquat leaves. So far, there is no country. Debug the aroma of matcha, it is pure natural.
    It Japanese stone mill experts and three -wheeled professors in contemporary engineering technology and electronic equipment for many years of research on ancient stone mills. At present, it is impossible for any mechanical grinding to be better than stone mills. "
    In recent years, Matcha has more used for processing industry. In order to reduce processing costs, there are also ball mills to process. Use the air flow crusher to process. Because the stone mill with grinding matcha has been registered by Uji Matcha Co., Ltd. in China, it has attracted a drool war. Many tea powder processors have questioned: Does matcha have to be grinded with stone mills.
    The or wrong, this problem has to be commented on a matcha tea produced by different grinding methods. Maybe the key is to see
    1. Whether the fineness can make the point of refreshment out of the foam,
    2. Whether it can be suspended and not settled.
    3. Whether it has the unique and dull aroma of matcha.
    The drinking matcha usually drinks a series of complex rules in accordance with the Japanese tea ceremony.
    The basic method is to put a small amount of matcha in the tea bowl first, add a small amount of temperature (not boiling) water, and then stir well (traditionally using tea 筅).
    In Japanese tea ceremony, "strong tea" uses 4 grams of matcha, add 60cc boiling water, a bit like a paste. "Bo tea" uses 2 grams of matcha and add 60cc boiling water. You can use tea cricket to brush out a strong foam, which is very beautiful and refreshing.
    5 Nutritional value
    In recent decades, people's understanding of tea has been greatly deepened, and the essence of tea functional material has also had a deep understanding. Today, the toxic and side effects of antibiotics and growth hormones are increasingly questioned, and tea polyphenols have become more and more deeper into people's dietary life with their unique biological functions and "green" essence.
    The ordinary tea contains extremely high nutritional ingredients, but only 35%of the part of the tea in the tea is really soluble in water. A large amount of active ingredients that insollerate water are thrown away by people as tea residue. Experiments have proved that eating tea can draw more nutrition than drinking tea. The nutritional content in a bowl of matcha is more than 30 cups of ordinary green tea, so the teachers of Japanese tea ceremony are almost longevity. Drinking tea for tea is not only a reform of eating habits, but also the need to adapt to fast -paced modern life. In recent years, the Japan -China -China Friendship Exchange Association teamed up with Shanghai Uji Matcha Co., Ltd. to vigorously launch the slogan "Change Tea for Tea", and actively advocates scientific, economic, and simple tea drinking methods to the public.
    6 Nutritional ingredients
    Matcha (Matcha) is rich in nutritional ingredients and trace elements necessary for the human body. , Vitamin C, A, B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, E, K, H, etc., trace element potassium, calcium, magnesium, iron, sodium, zinc, selenium, fluorine, etc.
    The nutritional ingredients of matcha matcha (100g):
    protein 6.64g (nutrients that form muscle and bones)
    3.67g (energy that maintains body and movement vitality) n Food fiber 55.08g (helps to discharge harmful substances in the body, prevent constipation and living habits)
    fat 2.94g (activity energy source)
    β tea polyphenol 12090 μg (health and beauty of the eyes are very deep The relationship)
    . Vitamin A2016 μg (beauty, beauty skin)
    vitamin B 1 0.2mg (energy metabolism. The energy source of the brain and nerves)
    R nThe vitamin C30mg (the indispensable ingredients produced by bone collagen, health, whitening, etc.)
    D vitamin K1350 μg (helping bone calcium calm, preventing bone crispness, blood の の の r の の の) r r r r
    Vitamin E19mg (antioxidant, prevents aging, known as a vitamin of returning to the old)
    119 μg of folic acid (prevention of cells from copying cells, inhibiting the growth of cancer cells, is also an indispensable nutrition for pregnant women)
    0.9 pantric acid 0.9 MG (maintaining the health of the skin and mucous membranes)
    A calcium 840mg (prevention of bone crispy looseness)
    鉄 18 mg (blood generation, maintenance, especially women should be as much as possible)
    sodium 8.32 8.32 MG (help to maintain the balance of the inner and outer body fluid in the cell)
    The potassium 727mg (keeping the normal work of the nerves and muscles, eliminating excess salt in the body)
    45 mg of magnesium )
    A sub -lead 1.5mg (maintenance of skin and hair health)
    SOD activity (antioxidant substances, preventing cells from oxidation = preventing aging)
    7 matcha studies
    Tea polyphenols can remove excessive harmful free radicals in the body, and can regenerate high-efficiency antioxidant substances such as α-VC, VC, GSH, SOD in the human body, thereby protecting and repairing the antioxidant system. The anti -aging has significant effects. Drinking green tea can reduce blood sugar, blood lipids, and blood pressure, thereby preventing cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. The medical research team of Japan ’s Showa University diluted to a 20-thirds of the tea polyphenol solution diluted to the 20-minute concentration of tea poisonous E. coli 0-157 at a concentration of 20 minutes of a concentration of 20 minutes to ordinary tea. All the bacteria died after five hours. Left. Women in Japan like to add matcha in the finished milk or yogurt bought by buying, because the fresh -keeping period can double after adding matcha. Therefore, Japanese primary and secondary schools provide children with free green tea for children all year round, and the conditions are good to provide green tea added with matcha to prevent gastrointestinal diseases. The matcha cellulose is 52.8 times that of spinach, which is 28.4 times that of celery. Its effects of eliminating food and fatigue, weight loss and bodybuilding, and acne removing acne are favored by today's beauty.
    M 抹 抹
    The comparison of tea and drinking tea (100g contains) -------

    sodium mg 3 3
    potassium mg 2200 27
    Calcium mg 450 3
    Magnesium MG 200 2
    Phosphorus mg 290 2
    鉄 mg 20 2
    sub -lead MG 3.2 0
    Copper mg 1.3 0.01
    The vitamin A UG 13.00 0
    Vitamin B1 mg 0.36 0
    The vitamin B6 mg 0.46 0.01
    -folic acid ug 1300 16
    Editor [Five Order Japanese Food Standard Establishment]
    8 The matcha industry
    Because the tea order is very cumbersome and spent money, there are not many people in Japanese or ordering tea. But using matcha for food is what Japanese often does. Japan is one of the longest per capita life expectations of the world. It may have nothing to do with them drinking tea, tea and tea.
    It today in Japan, the Matcha industry has developed very huge. Matcha has no additives, no preservatives, and non -artificial pigments. In addition to direct drinking, as a nutritional enhancer and natural pigment additive, it is widely used in many industries such as food, health products and cosmetics. rn   食品类∶月饼、饼干、瓜子等、冰淇淋、面条、抹茶巧克力、抹茶冰淇淋、抹茶蛋糕、抹茶面包、抹茶果冻、抹茶糖果、rn   饮料类∶罐装饮料、固体饮料、 Milk, yogurt, matcha tank beverage, etc.
    cosmetics category: beauty products, matcha mask, matcha powder, matcha soap, matcha fragrant wave, etc.
    R N.1 The price difference
    The matcha has not only been loved by the Japanese people for thousands of years. In recent years, it has also been very popular in Europe and the United States. From 2004 to 2006, Japan ’s matcha exports have been doubled. As Hagens Das and Shanghai Guangming Dairy first launched matcha ice cream and matcha milk in China, the Chinese people are also interested in matcha. Open Alibaba, you can see that more than a dozen companies are selling Matcha and Matcha about more than 20 pages and more than 600 pieces. However, after in -depth investigation, you can find that almost all of the matcha (Matcha) seen on the market is not true in the real sense. It can only be called green tea powder. It is a metal crusher, and there is an instant crushing method without exception.
    Due to the difference between the essence of matcha and green tea powder, the formation of its own value is completely different. In the international market, the price of one kilograms of green tea powder is 1200 to 1,800 yen (RMB 70 to 110/kg), and then The price of Matcha per 40 grams is 1800 to 12,000 yen (RMB 105-700), which is hundreds of times.
    Matcha and green tea are not twins, nor are they the same person, but it is indeed close relatives
    Matha often soak and drink. Compared with green tea powder, matcha granules are extremely thin, foam rich, bright colors are bright Essence Because the green tea powder is much larger, there are very few foams.
    The exposure
    The authentic matcha powder is exposed to the sun for half an hour, and the color is obviously lightened, like dirt ash, and green tea powder with pigmentation will not fade anyway. [1]
    9.2 International Rules
    The word "Matcha" (Matcha "(Matcha) internationally:
    ★ Anyone who is not a stone grinding must not be called matcha
    ★ All products that do not use matcha ingredients are absolutely not allowed to use the word "Matcha",
    ★ "Matcha flavors", "matcha wind" such as misleading consumers' advertisements, explanation words, etc.
    ★ The requirements of green tea powder are clearly indicated in the formula (green tea powder).
    Matcha culture has long been interrogated, not only the Chinese people have a half -knowledge of matcha, but the state has no standard for the production of matcha. Not only does it not have national standards, nor does it have industry standards. Although there are already local standards for green tea powder, it is just a sanitary indicator for ordinary tea powder. The current logo products on the market are chaotic. Many companies call green tea powder as matcha, and they have deceived and misleading consumers intentionally or unintentionally. See the existing matcha standard; Q/TFPS 2007
    In the Chinese market, we can also see that most foreign companies are more standardized, especially Japanese companies, they will never easily use "Matcha" (Matcha "2 Character. Even if some multinational companies use "Matcha" in the product name, they must also indicate the words "green tea powder" in parentheses or label raw materials columns, such as "Qingrun Matcha) of a famous international brand. Although it is absolutely not allowed in the international market, such a chaotic market background in China, the raw material that can indicate that the raw material that can indicate on the label is already praised.
    9.3 Avoid passing by 讹
    In misunderstandings, many consumers think that green tea is grinded into matcha, and some people think that the difference between matcha and green tea powder is only the differences in thickness. The finely grinding is matcha, and the rough is green tea powder. Some even call matcha "matcha powder". The title of "Matcha Fan" is really difficult to understand, just like calling cheongsam "cheongsam skirts" and "Coca -Cola water". As the birthplace of matcha, China actually called the essence of the ancestors wrong, and it would make a smile.
    9.4 Parameter comparison
    The tea (grinding with natural stone mills) ==== ingredients: Covering steamed youth tea == output 40 grams/hour
    Japanese green tea powder (grinding with ball mill) ==== Ingredients: Cover/or not covering steaming youth tea == output is about 2 ~ 4kg/hour
    The Chinese green tea powder (using air flow crusher) ==== 原Tea ==== output is about 20 ~ 100kg/hour
    The Japanese matcha/Uji matcha (grinding with natural stone grind) === fineness 2 ~ 20 microns == emerald green == seaweed fragrance == slightly sweet slightly astringent === Suspension for more than 300 seconds == Foam is rich and uniform
    Japanese green tea powder (grinding with ball mill) == fineness 20-40 microns == green green == grass fragrance == slightly astringent == precipitation == foam has available in foam.
    China green tea powder (shattered with airflow crusher) == fineness 180 ~ 75 micrometers == yellow green == fire incense == bitterness == sediment is severe == no foam
    9.5 matcha standard
    The differences between matcha and green tea powder are different. China and Japan are different. Japan first has matcha tea and green tea powder. The Japanese know what is matcha and what is green tea powder. Green tea powder, there are matcha tea later, the matcha and green tea powder on the market are confused. It is difficult for ordinary consumers to distinguish between authenticity. When identifying, you need to pay attention to some points:
    . Color: Matcha is dark green because it is covered with steamed green, and it is dark green. Or dark green, green tea powder is grass green.
    Matthalum 2. Taste: Because of the imported tree species, matcha is not astringent and less bitter, and the green tea powder is slightly bitter.
    3. Scent: The characteristics of matcha because of tree species, cultivation, and processing, so it is sea moss and rice leaves, and green tea powder is green grass.
    4. Fineness: The matcha fineness is above 6000 mesh (2 microns), and you can all enter the pores on the back of the hand. Green tea powder 100-300 mesh.
    -Reference Uji Matcha Co., Ltd. Matcha Standard Q/TFPS 2007
    9.6 Other requirements
    Matha is different from ordinary green tea powder, and it is not tea crushed in the general sense. The differences between matcha and green tea powder mainly include the following two aspects:
    1. Raw materials requirements: Matcha has high quality requirements for raw materials. The content is low. Before picking, the picking time and blade size of fresh tea leaves are required. The production time of matcha is short, only about 50 days. It is made of high -quality fresh tea produced in 4 or 5 months. The tree species of tea used in machining matcha are also particular about the cultivation of non -sex breeding technology, ensuring the purity of the tea tree variety. In addition, in order to ensure the quality of fresh leaves, during the planting process, the staff also needs to shade the tea tree for heat and heat. The tea produced in this way is called the tea. Matcha is processed by covering tea as raw materials.
    It in Japan, because the processing cost of natural stone mill grinding is too high, generally does not use poor quality tea to produce matcha. Ordinary steaming green tea, even steamed green tea, is used to make green tea powder. Japan is called powder green tea.
    The lack of stone mill grinding technology (the existing stone mill has been patented by Uji Matcha Company), some processing plants use airflow pieces to produce green tea powder. Good tea raw materials to make green tea powder. In order to sell a good price for their products, they named their green tea powder ---- Matcha.
    . The key to the production of matcha: grind with natural stone mills, green tea powder is crushed with metal crusher.
    "Matcha -grinding it with natural stone milling into a micro -powder, covered, steamed green tea."
    Standards, but this cannot replace national standards after all. Everyone competes to claim to be Matcha, but does not know what the real matcha is. "Tea powder has no national and industry standards, and its products are basically based on corporate standards or export contract requirements." Whether Matcha can be developed smoothly in China, whether it can be recognized by the international community, regulating the Chinese matcha market is the key, and the key to regulating the market is the formulation of matcha national standards. National or industry standards.

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