The top priority of recycling of regeneration resources is to find recycling models that can be suitable for market development. Among them, different regenerative resources are involved, and the recycling patterns are different due to the characteristics of categories. The circular economy model is to implement the principle of reduction, reuse, and resourceization into the entire process of production and material life cycle of various industries, and form a economic and technological paradigm of resources saving and environmentally friendly in various industries. In addition, the government must optimize the recovery and processing cost subsidy based on the cost accounting of the entire process, improve the efficiency of the listing through market traction and price, promote the transformation and upgrading of the industry, and achieve the collaborative development of recycling of renewable resources and the classification processing processing processing processing. Essence Extension information: The importance of recycling of regeneration resources Recycling resource recovery is part of the construction of ecological civilization, and it is also an important link of the circular economy. Grab. The 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China proposed the overall layout of the "five -in -one" socialism with ecological civilization construction, and proposed the overall planning of the three development of "green, circulatory, and low -carbon" and the construction of a new "four modernization". Provide development opportunities. The recycling industry is still facing problems such as low cultural level, low overall benefits, industry's technical content to be improved, and greatly affected by policies. In the next step, we need to improve the regulations and policies, strengthen the construction of the standard system, and enhance the digitalization of the industry through "Internet " and big data. The investigator Li Jiajian, an investigator of the Development Department of the Ministry of Commerce, emphasized that the three of the green development, circular development, and low -carbon development do not conflict. The essence of the three development is consistent, all of which are pursuing economic growth and the coordination of resources and environment.
The advantages of regeneration metal are obvious . Another important reason for the use of recycled metal cycles in my country to vigorously develop energy -saving and emission reduction, reducing unit energy consumption and reducing carbon emissions. The energy saving and emission reduction benefits of regeneration metals are very prominent. According to statistics from the Nonferrous Metal Association and the Renewable Metal Branch, the comprehensive energy consumption of 1 ton of native copper metals is 1444 kg standard coal, while the energy consumption of renewable copper is 390 kg of coal, saving 1054 kg of coal. The water consumption of 1 ton of native copper metals is 396.5 cubic meters, while the water consumption of renewable copper is only 2 cubic meters, and 395 cubic meters of water are saved. In addition, 1 -ton recycled copper reduces solid waste emissions by 380 tons and reduces SO2 emissions by 0.137 tons. Compared with the production of native metals, the production of 1 tons of recycled aluminum is equivalent to 3443 kg of standard coal; the production of 1 tons of natively divided energy saving 659 kg standard coal. Compared with the use of iron ore, direct steelmaking using scrap steel can save 60%of energy. Among them, 1 ton of waste steel can be used with 1 tons of raw iron, which can save 0.4 tons of coke or about 1 ton of raw coal, which can reduce 1.7 tons of fine fine essence. The consumption of ore powder reduces the mining of 4.3 tons of raw ore, and reduces the discharge of 2.6 tons of steel tail slag. The production cost is low In production costs, the production cost of regenerative metals is also significantly lower than native metals. According to statistics, the production and processing cost of recycled copper (waste copper-electrolytic copper) is about 1,000 yuan/ton, and the production and processing cost of recycled aluminum (waste aluminum-aluminum alloy) is about 400 yuan/ton. Production and processing costs are about 2000 yuan/ton. The production and processing cost of native copper (mine-electrolytic copper) is about 4,000 yuan/ton, the production and processing cost of raw aluminum (aluminum ore-electrolytic aluminum) is about 14,000 yuan/ton, and the production and processing cost of native lead (mine-fine lead) production processing costs approximately It is 3,000 yuan/ton. The production and processing costs of recycled copper, aluminum, and lead are only 25%, 2.86%, and 66.7%of native metals, respectively. The renewable metal output increase year year by year In data released by the "China Renewable Resources Recycling Industry Development Report 2019" released by the Ministry of Commerce in October 2019, in 2018, my country ’s renewable non -ferrous metal output was 14.1 million tons, a year -on -year increase of growth, a year -on -year increase 2.6%. Among them, the output of recycled copper was 3.25 million tons, an increase of 1.6%year -on -year; the output of regenerative aluminum was 6.95 million tons, an increase of 0.7%year -on -year; the regenerative lead output was 2.25 million tons, an increase of 9.8%year -on -year; the regenerative zinc output was 1.65 million tons, a year -on -year increase of 3.0%. At present, my country ’s regenerative non -ferrous metal output has exceeded 10 million tons for 8 consecutive years, and in 2019, it has reached 14.37 million tons. According to preliminary estimates of the regenerative metal branch, in 2019, the recovery volume of domestic recycled copper and regenerative aluminum raw materials reached 2.15 million tons and 6.07 million tons (metal), respectively, respectively, respectively, respectively, respectively, respectively, respectively, respectively, respectively, respectively. It can be seen that the domestic regenerative metal raw material is not an absolute shortage but a relative shortage. Affected by the epidemic, coupled with the increase in downward pressure on the global economy, the decrease in car sales, the regenerative aluminum and regenerative lead industries will also be greatly impacted. Stadic steel Colidate according to the statistics of the International Recycling Bureau, my country is the world's largest scrap consumer consumer. In 2019, China's scrap steel consumption has soared 15%to 216 million tons. 188 million tons. In 2019, China's steel industry increased the standards for pollutant emission. The proportion of scrap steel used in Chinese steel production climbed to 21.7%. Most of the transfer steel mills actively increased the amount of scrap steel. The scrap/crude steel ratio is currently 20.2%. Regenerative copper The China Renewal Copper Industry has developed a relatively complete industrial system after rapid development in recent years, becoming an important part of China's copper industry. From the perspective of production scale, the overall production of China's renewable copper industry in 2013-2019 shows an upward trend. In 2019, China's renewable copper supply was 3.3 million tons, and the proportion of copper supply was 23.3%. Among them, the domestic recycling of recycled recycled copper was about 2.135 million tons, accounting for about 67%of the supply of recycled copper. Regenerative aluminum Driven by a series of policies, the circular economy has gradually developed into an important economic form in China. my country's regenerative aluminum production continues to rise. In 2019 Become an important part of China's aluminum industry. Although my country's regenerative aluminum industry has developed rapidly in recent years, there is still a large gap compared with developed countries abroad as a whole. In 2019, my country's regenerative aluminum output accounts for only 16.95%of the output of aluminum, far behind developed countries, and my country's regenerative aluminum The future development space of the industry is relatively broad. The regeneration lead If according to the "China Renewable Resources Recycling Industry Development Report (2019)" released by the Ministry of Commerce in October 2019, China ’s regenerative lead output was 2.25 million tons, an increase of 9.8%year -on -year. On the one hand, due to the continuous and steady growth of domestic lead -acid batteries in China in recent years, raw materials supply is guaranteed for regenerative lead production. On the other hand, under the pressure of strengthening the country's environmental protection, many recycled lead companies have also carried out technological reforms, laying the foundation for the stable production of regenerative lead. According to data from the China Nonferrous Metal Industry Association, in 2019, my country ’s renewable lead output was 2.37 million tons, a year -on -year increase of 5.3%. my country's car and electric vehicles have continued to rise. With the continuous development of environmental protection, the recycling and regenerative lead industry of waste lead batteries have played an important role. To this day, the recycling market of waste -acid batteries is still in a state of chaos. The policy, standards, and management rules of the regenerative lead industry are not yet complete, and the industry still has a lot of room for improvement. Regenerative zinc The recycled zinc is a zinc alloy or zinc metal obtained by zinc and zinc -containing waste or zinc -containing waste in the process of galvanizing production. Important source. On August 27, 2019, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology issued Document 29 2019 and approved the 436 industry standards, which is ranked among the "Zinc Smoving Equipment" standards numbered YS/T1343-2019. It will be implemented from January 1, 2020. The formulation of this standard is of great significance for the development of the resource -based use of zinc oxide enrichment and the development of recycled zinc enterprises with zinc oxide as the raw material. The development in my country's regenerative zinc market is still relatively backward, and there is a large gap between the gap between the regenerative copper and regeneration aluminum. In 2019, my country ’s regenerative zinc output was 1.45 million tons, a year -on -year decrease of 12%. On the one hand, the development of the recycled zinc market is due to the scattered use of zinc; on the other hand, the main reason is that they do not pay enough attention to the recycling zinc industry. With the normalization of environmental protection, the increase in zinc resource regeneration is an inevitable demand for the development of a circular economy and a conservation society. Me metal regeneration industry opportunities and challenges coexist The new crown pneumonia epidemic is a sudden disaster, and it is also an unexpected test. The shortcomings and problems that have long existed in the industry, such as a single product structure and a low product profit rate. In after decades of development in my country's regenerative non -ferrous metal industry, it has accumulated huge forward potential energy. The emergency new crown pneumonia's epidemic will eventually pass, standing at the end of the "Thirteenth Five -Year Plan" and the start of the "Fourteenth Five -Year Plan". In the future, my country's metal regeneration industry will still have greater development opportunities. In more industry research and analysis, please refer to the "Analysis Report of the Development Prospects and Investment Strategic Planning of China's Renewable Resources Industry" of the Prospective Industry Research Institute.
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